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The language of botany: Being a dictionary of the terms made use of in that science, principally by Linnaeus….  

by Thomas Martyn.  London: B. and J. White, 1793.

Thomas Martyn was Regius Professor of Botany at Cambridge University and an early adopter of Linnaean classification and nomenclature, which he promulgated in his public lectures.  In this work, based on a paper given to the Linnean Society in 1789, he defines hundreds of Linnaean terms and clarifies conceptual aspects of the Linnaean system, which is the foundation for the work of modern researchers at the NMNH.  

Catalogue des mammifères et des oiseaux observés en Algérie. 

by Victor Loche.  Paris, [1858].

This small work supplements the official reports of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie (see separate listings).  The official birds and mammals volumes of the Expedition by Commandant Victor Loche (1806-1863), an active collector in northern Africa during and after the Expedition, were the last issued and were preceded by this work in which Loche first described and named several new species.  For that reason this catalog is an important adjunct to the expedition reports.  It is quite rare, being held by only seven libraries in the U.S. 
Q.F.F.Q.S. Dissertatio gradualis, De gravitate corporum terrestrium, quam, consensu ampliss. facult. philosoph. in Reg. Academ. Upsal. sub praesidio... Dn. Samuelis Klingenstierna...; publico examini modeste subjicit, Arvidus Arvidi Roman, Nericius, in Audit. Carol. Min. ad d. 17 Junii, anni MDCCXXXVII. horis ante meridiem consuetis.
 
Samuel Klingenstierna, praeses. Arvidus Arvidi Roman, respondent.
Upsaliae: Literis Höjerianis, 1737.
 
Graduate dissertation defended by A. A. Roman at the University of Uppsala discussing the effects of gravity upon terrestrial bodies.
 
[together with:]
Dissertatio gradualis de gravitate lunae . . .
 
Samuel Klingenstierna, praeses. Gabriel Kolmodin, respondent.
Holmiae: Literis Wernerianis, 1734.
 
[and]
Dissertatio gradualis de gravitate aeris. . .
 
Samuel Klingenstierna, praeses. Johann Kristiern Duraeus, respondent.
Upsaliae, Literis Wernerianis, 1732.
 
These three scarce dissertations, all relating to gravity, were presided over by the noted scientist Samuel Klingenstierna.
 
By Henry Noel Humphreys. London: Sampson Low, 1857.

Help support Smithsonian Libraries Exhibitions! This book will be included in our forthcoming exhibition in 2015.

Humphreys, an illustrator, entomologist, and scholar of medieval manuscripts, wrote this little volume on the history of the marine aquarium, which includes advice on creating and maintaining one, and detailed information on which varieties of plants and animals to choose. When this book was written, modern in-home aquariums were still a very recent development. In the early 1850’s, the first major public aquarium opened at the London Zoological Society. The Victorians already had a fascination with the sea; having a miniaturized version of the ocean floor at home became a mid-19th century fad. You can read this book online, and view the 12 hand-colored plates.

By Amos Eaton. Albany; New York; Troy, 1832

You can play a part in a Smithsonian Libraries' Exhibition! This book will be featured in our forthcoming exhibition in July 2015.

Amos Eaton was an educator and skilled amateur scientist best remembered for bringing hands-on applied science to the American educational curriculum. In 1824, he co-founded the Rensselaer School in New York, an institution dedicated to “the application of science to the common purposes of life,” with Stephen van Rensselaer III. He lectured widely, training teachers, including many women, and was an advocate for women’s involvement in higher education, an unconventional idea at the time. He wrote textbooks on several scientific subjects for use in schools, working to give these subjects, previously the occupation of a learned few, a broader reach. His Geological Text-book helped introduce geology, a relatively new and exciting subject in the 1830’s, to a new generation of American scientists. This copy is inscribed by the author to Isaac Lea, a prominent conchologist (a scientist who studies mollusk shells) who was, like Eaton, known for his geological studies.

Le Grand Dépot (Paris, France) Porcelaines, faiences & cristaux ... [Paris : s.n.], 1889. A rare trade catalogue from the Paris firm of Le Grand Depot, who manufactured porcelains, faiences ceramics and glassware. It contains with color illustrations of a variety of tablewares in many popular patterns.

San Francisco: Pacific Novelty Co., 1915.

The Panama–Pacific International Exposition was held in San Francisco, between February 20 and December 4 in 1915. Its ostensible purpose was to celebrate the completion of the Panama Canal, but it was widely seen in the city as an opportunity to showcase its recovery from the 1906 earthquake. The fair was constructed on a 635 acre (2.6 km2) site in San Francisco, along the northern shore now known as the Marina District.

Among the exhibits at the Exposition was the C. P. Huntington, the first steam locomotive purchased by Southern Pacific Railroad. A telephone line was established to New York so people across the continent could hear the Pacific Ocean. The Liberty Bell traveled by train on a nationwide tour from Pennsylvania to attend the exposition. The 1915 American Grand Prize and Vanderbilt Cup auto races were held on a 3.84-mile circuit set up around the Exposition grounds. The Smithsonian Institution also had a display at the Exposition.

The Souvenir View Book contains numerous black and white photographs of the San Francisco World’s Fair.

Livres de malacologie et de conchyliologie formant partie de la bibliotheque de Mr. J. G. Hidalgo. 

by J. G. Hidalgo.  Madrid: s. n., 1888.

One of the very few malacologists in Spain in the 19th century, Joaquín González Hidalgo y Rodríguez (1839-1923) served as the Professor of Malacology at the University of Madrid, specializing in the mollusks of the Iberian Peninsula, the Balearic Islands, and the Philippines.  SIL holds a half-dozen of his major works.  He built a fine shell collection and research library, which were eventually deposited in the Museo National de Ciencias Naturales in Madrid, but neither is readily accessible.  Thus it will be of interest to researchers at NMNH to be able to consult this bibliography, which identifies the books he owned and used in his work.  Extremely scarce, this work is held by only one other library in the U.S. and by two universities in Madrid.

 

Commentatio II.  De Zoolitho-dendroidis in genre et in specie de Schwartzburgico-Sondershusianis curiosissimus ac formosissimus...
 
by Albrecht Ritter.  Sonderhausen: [s.n.], 1736.
 
Albrecht Ritter (1684-1748) was in instructor at the royal Stiftscollegium at Ilefeld, Germany.  Although relatively little is know about him, he was an early proponent of taking students into the field and learning from direct observation of and experience with the natural world.  A member of the Leopoldinian Academy, he wrote several short works on fossils and "formed stones," as fossils were conceived of in the period.  This book is on fossil dendrites and alabaster from the Schwartzburg/Sonderhausen region of Germany, and is cited in Emanuel Mendes de Costa's Natural history of fossils (London, 1757).  This work is quite rare, held by only one library in the U.S., the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard. 

Histoire naturelle et médicale des casses, et particulièrement de la casse et des sénés employés en médecine.  

by Frédéric Colladon [& Augustin-Pyramus de Candolle].  Montpellier: Jean Martel, 1816.

This is a thesis presented for a medical degree at the University of Montpelier by Louis Théodore Frédéric Colladon, a student of the renowned botanist Augustin-Pyramus de Candolle.  As was common in European universities at the time, it was de Candolle who wrote the detailed descriptions and classifications of plants in the genus Cassia, including numerous new species, based on his own herbarium and unpublished manuscripts. The student’s role that of explicating and defending the thesis.
Exploration scientifique de l’Algérie. Géologie et minérologie:  Géologie de l’Algérie.

M.E. Renou.  Paris, 1848.  

Conceived and directed by the naturalist Bory de Saint Vincent, one of the first modern, systematic biological surveys of northern Africa was undertaken by the French government in the early 1840s and resulted in a multi-volume series of scientific publications under the title of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie.  SIL’s holdings of the set were incomplete.  This folio volume on the geology and mineralogy of Algeria includes five double-sized lithographed maps (two hand-colored).  

D.D. Disputatio, De natura et veritate methodi fluxionum, quam, consent. ampliss. facult. philos. in illustri Acad. Upsaliensi, praeside, ...Dn. Samuele Klingenstierna...; pro gradu publice ventilandam sistit Daniel Melander, Stockholmiensis, in Auditorio Carolino Majori, die XXV. Aprilis, A. MDCCLII. H.A.M.S.
 
Samuel Klingenstierna, praeses. Daniel Melanderhjelm, respondent.
Upsaliae: Typis Laur. M. Höjer..., [1752].
 
A scarce copy of Daniel Melander’s (1726-1810) dissertation on the rival claims and speculations that led to a concrete understanding of the nature and beauty of calculus.
By Stefano Marianini. Venezia: Dalla tip. di Alvisopoli, 1828.
 
Bound with:
- Marianini, Stefano. Memoria sopra la teoria chimica degli elettromotori voltiani. Venezia: Dalla tip. di Alvisopoli, 1830.
- Marianini, Stefano. Memorie di fisica sperimentale. Modena: R. Tip. camerale, 1838-1841.
- Marianini, Stefano. Metodo per ottenere i bassi-rilievi in rame: senza apposito elettromotore voltaico. Novara: Tip. Artaria e Comp., [1840]
 
Three works by Stefano Marianini, follower of Volta's work on electro-motors, and pfofessor of physics in Venice and then in Modena. 
Official publication, Panama California International Exposition: San Diego, 1916.

Brooklyn, N.Y.: Albertype Co., [1916?]


The Panama–California Exposition was held in San Diego, California, between January 1, 1915, and January 1, 1917. The exposition celebrated the opening of the Panama Canal, and was meant to tout San Diego as the first U.S. port of call for ships traveling north after passing westward through the canal. The fair was held in San Diego's large urban Balboa Park.

While the fair originally had no international exhibitors, by 1916 it had exhibits from Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Russia, and Switzerland. Most came from the recently closed Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco some of whom were unable to return to Europe due to World War I. The City of San Diego is planning a major observation of the 2015 centennial of the Exposition.

This representative album contains “hand-colored” illustrations depicting 12 scenes of the exposition.

Georgii Trapezuntii In Claudii Ptolemaei centum aphorismos commentarius : eiusdem, De antisciis, in quorum rationem fata sua reijcit. Item ab eodem, Cur astrologorum iudicia plerumque fallant. Nunc primùm omnia in lucem êdita. Additus est dialogus Ioannis Pontani, in quo doctissimè disputatur, quatenus credendum sit astrologiae...
 
By George of Trebizond. Coloniae: Ioan. Gymnicus excudebat, Anno 1544.
 
A collection of notable works relating to astrology dealing with body condition, the soul, luck and accidents, and various medical topics all dealt with in terms of their relationship to the stars.
   
 
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